Eat Happy – Micronutrients

Micronutrients

MICRONUTRIENTS are minerals and vitamins that are only required in small amounts for the body to function. Nevertheless, they are essential for good health, and deficiencies can cause serious health problems.

Micronutrients are necessary for the healthy functioning of all your body’s systems, from bone growth to brain function.

Minerals and Vitamins are micronutrients.

  • Vitamin A, B, C, D: to boost immunity.

  • Zinc: plays a role in immune function wound healing and also supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence.

  • Iodine: helps our thyroid gland develop and function.

  • Sodium: Your body needs sodium to maintain blood pressure and for normal nerve and muscle function.

  • Magnesium: helps your heart maintain its normal rhythm.

  • Chloride: helps regulate water and electrolytes within your cells, as well as helping to maintain appropriate cellular pH.

  • Iron: helps your body produce red blood cells and lymphocytes.

Getting enough micronutrients in your diet isn’t hard. Eat a balanced diet including plenty of nuts, whole grains and green leafy vegetables. Eat plenty of colorful fruits and vegetables, like red cherries, purple grapes, yellow bananas and orange carrots. The more colorful your diet, the better.

Some common micronutrient deficiencies include iodine deficiency, vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency. Iodine deficiency is the world’s foremost cause of brain damage. Vitamin A deficiency is a leading cause of blindness in children; in pregnant women it can cause night blindness and increases maternal mortality rates. Iron deficiency is the most common deficiency in the world, and the only one prevalent in developed countries. Over 30% of the world’s population suffers from iron deficiency anemia.